Papaperaceae – Poppy
USDA Zone 3 – 9
Flower Time -
6" - 8"
Bloodroot is an early spring wildflower that blooms in early to mid April here in southern
It inhabits the forested hills, its solitary white blossoms forming small
colonies of plants in the leaf mould of the woodland floor. Bloodroot will have
a single, pure white flower on a stem. The orange-red sap in the rhizome, or
tuberous root, is what gives this wildflower its name. Indiana
The American Indians used the red sap in the root as a dye. They dyed baskets and clothing with it and it they used for war paint. It is also useful as an insect repellant. The genus name, Sanguinaria, is a Latin term meaning, "bleeding". The name bloodroot is appropriate. The species name, canadensis, means "of English America". Linnaeus gave the species name, canadensis, to the plant because the specimen he obtained came from
It is the only species of this pretty, early spring wildflower known within the
This early spring wildflower blooms only when the shines sun, closing on cloudy days and at night. Bloodroot flowers are short lived. The early spring wildflower blooms only for a week or so from when blooming commences. The pure white blossoms provide the early spring forest with beauty.
Bloodroot is a wildflower for the woodland, preferring the damp locales near a forest stream. Its flowers appear early, before the leaf canopy has developed. The leaves will expand after flowering and will become very attractive in their own right. They should persist until mid summer, unless there is little rain.
Bloodroot has sort of a complicated propagation regimen. Sow the seed in moist peat, warmed to 68 degrees for 2 - 4 weeks. It must then be cooled four to six weeks to 40 degrees and then raised to 55 - 60 degrees. You may divide the plants immediately after bloom. Use bloodroot in the shaded flower garden or woodland garden, as this early spring wildflower does best in forest setting.
Excerpted from the Author's Book: